Islam arrived in China by sea | Gulf newspaper

China is one of the oldest countries whose history has been recorded, and its civilization is known, and it is one of the largest countries in terms of area and most populous, and one of the most abundant and skilled in industries. At the official level there were also political, diplomatic, and sometimes military relations.

Those relations, in their various dimensions, were the subject of the book “Arab-Chinese Relations in the Umayyad and First Abbasid Era” by Dr. Mahmoud Abdo Nour El-Din, and one of the most important sources and references on which “The Journey of Solomon the Merchant” was based is the most important Arab source on Arab-Chinese relations in that period, because its owner He traveled to China repeatedly on commercial trips, so he knew the roads, especially the sea route, that the Arabs take to China back and forth, and he saw the countries, centers and commercial ports located along the road, and knew their conditions, then he saw China and knew its systems in governance and management, external relations and internal conditions, and lived Muslims there, and describe everything he saw.

The author points out that the modern historical writing on Arab-Chinese relations varied, especially in the early Islamic eras until the modern and contemporary era. .

Various sources agreed on the existence of a relationship between the Arabs and China a few centuries before Islam, indirectly, if we consider the ruling authority that prevailed in the north and south of Arab countries before Islam, and in a direct form if we take into account the geographical borders.

Sheikh Abdul Rahman Tajung asserts that China’s relations with the Arabs precede the emergence of Islam and that Emperor “Woody” sent in 139 BC Chang Chih as a traveling ambassador to the existing kingdoms in Asia to establish friendly relations with them, and he visited in his embassy that small and large kingdom that included Persia and the Arabian Peninsula. and other areas.

Another envoy came to the region, “Jan Meng”, who later returned with abundant news about the Arabian Peninsula. These two trips opened the land route for travel between China, Persia and Arabia.

The book explains that the centers of the north of the Arabian Peninsula were characterized by extensive commercial activity with China, and the Silk Road was the main point of contact between them. In the north of the Arabian Peninsula, several important commercial centers emerged in international trade in the ancient world. The Nabataeans are one of the kingdoms that appeared in the northwest of the Arabian Peninsula.

The writer believes that one of the historical dilemmas that faced historians in the context of Arab-Chinese relations is determining the date of Islam’s entry into China, and who was the first to introduce it. It was earlier than his arrival by land, and it was said that the first mosque came into existence there, was in 907 AD, and the arrival of the Arabs to China and their return to their country took two years, and although most of them used to return in the winter, the number of those who remained in China is not small.

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