Mathematics is the language of the universe at the Islamic Arts Festival | Gulf newspaper

Sharjah: Othman Hassan
Mathematical and engineering sciences are closely linked with most of the ancient and contemporary arts produced. Islamic art, with its artistic and architectural applications, both in calligraphy, especially kufic and its various forms, as well as in decorative arts and arabesques, and in mosque designs and their branches of arches, walls, columns and niches, are the most prominent Manifestations of this unity between science and arts.

This unity is also reflected in the design (perspective) in which the Muslim artist excelled, through projections of lines, shadows and light, and they are indeed important and basic applications that we see frequently in the works participating in the new session of the Islamic Arts Festival.

Whoever follows the works incubated by the Museum of Islamic Arts in Sharjah, as well as the Emirates Society for Fine Arts, the House of Wisdom, the corridors of Calligraphy Square and other places, will find many artistic applications that owe to mathematics and engineering in its final form, but almost the mathematical and engineering concept, used by the artist The Muslim in order to present a value and spiritual dimension, and this is reflected in the decorative unity, the linear and the geometric form, which are applications found in most of the posts, if not all, even in those works that exploit the space of the modern media, and put forward artistic concepts rich in their richness, where the viewer’s eye receives them with a taste that stimulates On the multiplicity of readings, in many of these works, designs and compositions there are different and varied meanings and connotations that go beyond the apparent dimension, to delve into the interior and the depth, as their images appear in the many shapes that start from the point, then the circle, to the square, the rectangle, and the semicircle, including It is presented from a value and spiritual dimension, emphasizing the depth of the philosophy of art as it reflects a “system” that emphasizes once again the unity of the arts and sciences, to express together and in different ways the elements of Islamic arts, through the aesthetics of its designs And its many uses of raw materials such as glass, paper, wood, and others.

light and shadows

In his participation in the festival, Kuwaiti artist Jassim Al-Nashmi applies through his work “Yesami Chapel 1” the geometric theory found in traditional Islamic decoration, what is known as (mashrabiyas) in a three-dimensional space. The interior is where the spatial space in which he works, and between the outside world, and he is also manipulating the duality of light and shadows. As a result of this manipulation, he produces what looks like a sacred aura, radiating the lights of love and peace. Jassem Al-Nashmi believes that the Mashrabiya is based on a self-contained decorative geometric unit, suitable for making many applications. In Islamic art, he takes the concept of gradation in his design of the prayer hall in the visual and spatial sense, up to that defining moment in which he reaches the moment of inner serenity. Mathematical and Optical in the Middle Ages.

Abdallah Akkar, a French artist of Tunisian origin, presents a unique work under the title “He”, with the aim of expressing existence and searching for identity, starting from not seeing the other, all the way to granting him an existence while he is absent.

In the framework of his visual and aesthetic project, Abdullah Akkar draws inspiration from several examples of poetic verses by well-known Arab creators, such as Mahmoud Darwish, Nizar Qabbani, Abu al-Qasim al-Shabi, and before them Ibn al-Roumi and Ibn Arabi. A name that one leaves behind, and a name that one turns towards, and between the two is an invisible name.”

If the work presented by Abdullah Akkar has invested the decorative and geometric dimension of the Kufic script in particular, as well as its attractive design of the geometric shape of its various types from rectangle to square to circle, in a halo of charming lights, the content presented by «he» includes a spiritual dimension that does not Two differ.

defining moment

Iranian artist Yusra Emami Zadeh, who resides in the United States, presents a work entitled “Path” and the word carries the same meaning in Arabic and Persian, and it expresses human behavior and their internal impulses from turmoil, anxiety, to the stability of this soul in a defining moment towards safety and calm And tranquility, this may seem just a philosophical idea that bears a lot of controversy, but in the Islamic perspective it has solid connotations, and whoever looks at Zadeh’s work notices a charming visual and decorative diversity, as well as an engineering depiction that simulates the starry sky.

There are many works in the festival that can be viewed, which exploit the relationship between the universe and the sciences of mathematics and engineering. Mathematics, according to many experts, can describe the universe around us, and mathematics was a reason for discovering many concepts that established the development of advanced theories, which provided a deeper understanding of the universe.

And science, when the conscious artist invests it in his artistic work, must be an effective way of thinking. Mathematics is the language of the universe, but rather it is a window to understanding the basic structure of the vast universe that is characterized by magic and beauty.

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